High blood pressure
Cortisol raises our blood pressure directly by shrinking blood vessels. It raises blood pressure indirectly by making us obese, and obesity raises our blood pressure. Cardiovascular disease makes our arteries stiff, and it takes more pressure to pump blood through stiff arteries. The drawing shows how these factors interact to raise our blood pressure.
More information on high blood pressure
The causes and consequences of high blood pressure are explained in more detail in Chapter 6 of The Potbelly Syndrome.
Ferrari P. Cortisol and the renal handling of electrolytes: role in glucocorticoid-induced hypertension and bone disease. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Dec;17(4):575-89. Review.